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PostgreSQL Database Installation

This section entails the installation and configuration of a local PostgreSQL database. If you already have a PostgreSQL database service in place, skip to the next section.

PostgreSQL 11 or later required

NetBox requires PostgreSQL 11 or later. Please note that MySQL and other relational databases are not supported.


sudo apt update
sudo apt install -y postgresql
sudo yum install -y postgresql-server
sudo postgresql-setup --initdb

CentOS configures ident host-based authentication for PostgreSQL by default. Because NetBox will need to authenticate using a username and password, modify /var/lib/pgsql/data/pg_hba.conf to support MD5 authentication by changing ident to md5 for the lines below:

host    all             all               md5
host    all             all             ::1/128                 md5

Once PostgreSQL has been installed, start the service and enable it to run at boot:

sudo systemctl start postgresql
sudo systemctl enable postgresql

Before continuing, verify that you have installed PostgreSQL 11 or later:

psql -V

Database Creation

At a minimum, we need to create a database for NetBox and assign it a username and password for authentication. Start by invoking the PostgreSQL shell as the system Postgres user.

sudo -u postgres psql

Within the shell, enter the following commands to create the database and user (role), substituting your own value for the password:


Use a strong password

Do not use the password from the example. Choose a strong, random password to ensure secure database authentication for your NetBox installation.

Once complete, enter \q to exit the PostgreSQL shell.

Verify Service Status

You can verify that authentication works by executing the psql command and passing the configured username and password. (Replace localhost with your database server if using a remote database.)

$ psql --username netbox --password --host localhost netbox
Password for user netbox: 
psql (12.5 (Ubuntu 12.5-0ubuntu0.20.04.1))
SSL connection (protocol: TLSv1.3, cipher: TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384, bits: 256, compression: off)
Type "help" for help.

netbox=> \conninfo
You are connected to database "netbox" as user "netbox" on host "localhost" (address "") at port "5432".
SSL connection (protocol: TLSv1.3, cipher: TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384, bits: 256, compression: off)
netbox=> \q

If successful, you will enter a netbox prompt. Type \conninfo to confirm your connection, or type \q to exit.